What is Laparoscopy? How it’s used and advantages

A successful surgery is a craft, an art, the purpose of which is not only to eradicate the disease but also heal with minimum of discomfort. The advent of laparoscopy in the medical industry is a windfall for both doctors and patients. It involves making small incisions on the belly, to insert a thin, lighted tube to give a clearer view of the internal organs. The technology is readily adopted world over and is seen as the next big thing for surgeons. Even the patients who have undergone laparoscopic procedures have felt a sense of satisfaction as they recuperate better and quick as compared to conventional forms of surgeries.

Gastrointestinal surgery

Laparoscopy is more commonly used in the removal of the gall bladder and appendix. In hospitals with advanced facilities, the most intricate of surgical procedures can be performed effortlessly, so a patient suffering from pain due to a sudden burst of appendix or a gall bladder full of pus can have laparoscopic surgery with fast recovery. Exceptional growth is now foreseen in surgeries of other conditions such as hernia, small and large intestine, liver and spleen. The fact is, laparoscopy is arguably the best available way today to repair hernias with lesser risk and chance of recurrence.

Emergency conditions

A significant application in emergency conditions, especially accidents and excruciating pain from unknown origin, laparoscopy has repeatedly proven to be crucial in the management of almost every abdominal emergency providing an early tool to assess the need for surgery as compared with the open surgery. It is an effective alternative in the treatment of the cause of pain and discomfort in the abdomen, where surgery can be avoided in certain cases and some cases can be managed with laparoscopy leading to nil pain and quick recuperation.

Cancers

Cancers which are surgically resectable can be removed using laparoscopy following all the guidelines, thus reducing the treatment time significantly and allowing more complex and attentive treatments to be given.

Obesity

Performing surgeries on obese people involves tough challenges since big incisions lead to severe pain. However, laparoscopy thwarts all the cons and makes it possible to perform weight-reduction surgery with less or no complications.

Gynaecology and infertility

Endometriosis, a common cause of infertility, is now treated effectively with the help of laparoscopy. Even other causes of infertility are very well tended with an effective use of laparoscopy. Removal of uterus and ovaries is successfully done with this technique along with surgery for ectopic pregnancy.

Laparoscopic surgeons have time and again said that diagnosis of acute pain during pregnancy is safe, secure and comforting. The chances are very less that pregnant women will need surgery for conditions like gallstones, appendicitis or other surgical conditions.

Laparoscopy involves crating small holes in the abdomen after filling them with CO2 and inserting the camera through one of these holes, instruments through other holes and simultaneously operating while visualising at the monitor.

Benefits of laparoscopy

  • Small incisions
  • Less blood loss
  • Greatly reduces the chances of getting infection
  • Minimal pain
  • Quick recovery as compared to open surgery
  • Comparatively early return to performing day-to-day activities. Patients can rejoin office in approximately 1 week
  • Minimum digestive complications
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