The chemicals present in firecrackers which add sparkle to them can harm you in more than one way. Follow this useful guide on how to handle Diwali emergencies effectively.
Throat, eye and skin irritation
Aluminium and arsenic sulphide which are in abundance in crackers cause skin itching. Children especially develop red rashes on the skin on contact with the chemical. When burned, fumes coming out of these chemicals may also cause itchy eyes or scratchy throat.
Precaution: Wear full-sleeved cotton clothes in order to protect skin from allergy. If rashes appear, wash your skin with water and apply calamine lotion. A cetirizine tablet would be required if skin irritation remains. Abstain from rubbing itchy eyes. Instead wash them with clean water. For scratchy throat, mix cardamom, cloves, black pepper and basil with honey and lemon.
Non-stop coughing may be a symptom of throat infection, but coupled with breathing difficulty, it can pose serious threats.
Precaution: Stay away from smoggy environment. It’s best to sit in a room with doors and windows shut. In asthmatics, breathing issues can crop up suddenly, so it’s best to keep an inhaler at hand to dilate your airways. If your condition worsens, rush to a medical setup.
Children, pregnant women and old people can suffer from headache or dizziness due to the noise and air pollutants.
Precaution: Take paracetamol for headache. Remember to keep yourself hydrated by drinking lemon juice, coconut water or soups. In case, headache is accompanied by vomiting, visit a doctor.
Asthma or lung diseases
Unfortunately, asthma cannot be controlled with just medicines. Even after using inhaler, if symptoms don’t go away, visit a pulmonologist.
Precaution: People with a history of lung diseases and respiratory allergies should avoid stepping out of home around Diwali. However, they can use a N95 face mask, which filters out at least 95% of airborne particles. Other masks are of no use as pollutants can pass through them easily.
If the skin hasn’t blistered and the burned area is not large, it can be treated with home remedies. If the burn is in a sensitive area, like the face, visit a dermatologist to avoid scarring.
Precaution: Hold the burn under running water for 15-20 minutes as it reduces the burning sensation. Don’t use ice as it may damage the skin further. Apply an antibiotic ointment; not burnol or toothpaste as they don’t allow wounds to breathe. Then, cover the wound with medicated sofratulle gauze. Do not use cotton as it tends to stick to the skin.
Lazoi Lifecare wishes everyone a happy and safe Diwali!