What is Dysmenorreha?

Dysmenorrhea, women's health, menstrual periods, periods, gynecological health, health problems in women

Dysmenorreha is a menstrual disorder in which a patient goes through severe and frequent menstrual cramps and pain. It usually happens around the time when menstruation begins. This disease is common among 10% of women around the world. There are two types of dysmenorreha: Primary and Secondary.

Primary dysmenorreha is not a symptom of any menstrual disorder; it’s a pain a female usually goes through during the process of menstruation. Primary dysmenorreha affects 50% of the women and mostly affects girls in their adolescence. This dysmenorreha may be painful, but there is nothing to worry, as primary dysmenorreha is not harmful.

Secondary dysmenorreha is a menstrual pain that can be related to a gynecological disorder. This disorder is more common among adult females.

 Causes of Dysmenorreha

  • Primary dysmenorreha is caused due to the excessive levels of prostaglandins, a group of hormones that causes the uterus to contract during menstruation and childbirth.
  • Smoking, drinking alcohol, stress, obesity, overweight, lack of exercise, lifestyle diseases and beginning of menstruation before the age of 11 are some common factors that may lead to Primary dysmenorreha.
  • Tumor in the ovary
  • When tissue starts to grow, within the muscular walls of uterus
  • Use of birth control methods

Symptoms of Dysmenorreha

  • The prime symptom of dysmenorreha is pain, which may extend to the hips, lower back and upper thighs.
  • Lightheadedness, aches, vomiting, nausea and diarrhea are other common symptoms of dysmenorreha.
  • Secondary dysmenorreha can last, even three to four days after the menstrual period.
  • Nervousness, restlessness, irritability, and in some cases, depression, are some symptoms which can be seen during

Treatment of Dysmenorreha

  • Dysmenorreha can be easily treated with medication, taking anti-inflammatory drugs like naproxen and ibuprofen.
  • Non-medical treatment can be more helpful in dealing with dysmenorreha. Some non-medical treatment of dysmenorreha are-
  • Yoga
  • Hot shower
  • Gently rubbing your abdomen
  • Keeping heating pad on your abdomen or lower back
  • Doing mild exercise may improve blood flow in your lower body
  • Rest and avoid stress



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