Dysmenorreha is a menstrual disorder in which a patient goes through severe and frequent menstrual cramps and pain. It usually happens around the time when menstruation begins. This disease is common among 10% of women around the world. There are two types of dysmenorreha: Primary and Secondary.
Primary dysmenorreha is not a symptom of any menstrual disorder; it’s a pain a female usually goes through during the process of menstruation. Primary dysmenorreha affects 50% of the women and mostly affects girls in their adolescence. This dysmenorreha may be painful, but there is nothing to worry, as primary dysmenorreha is not harmful.
Secondary dysmenorreha is a menstrual pain that can be related to a gynecological disorder. This disorder is more common among adult females.
Causes of Dysmenorreha
- Primary dysmenorreha is caused due to the excessive levels of prostaglandins, a group of hormones that causes the uterus to contract during menstruation and childbirth.
- Smoking, drinking alcohol, stress, obesity, overweight, lack of exercise, lifestyle diseases and beginning of menstruation before the age of 11 are some common factors that may lead to Primary dysmenorreha.
- Secondary dysmenorreha includes number of condition,
- STI- Sexually Transmitted Infections
- Tumor in the ovary
- When tissue starts to grow, within the muscular walls of uterus
- Use of birth control methods
Symptoms of Dysmenorreha
- The prime symptom of dysmenorreha is pain, which may extend to the hips, lower back and upper thighs.
- Lightheadedness, aches, vomiting, nausea and diarrhea are other common symptoms of dysmenorreha.
- Secondary dysmenorreha can last, even three to four days after the menstrual period.
- Nervousness, restlessness, irritability, and in some cases, depression, are some symptoms which can be seen during
Treatment of Dysmenorreha
- Dysmenorreha can be easily treated with medication, taking anti-inflammatory drugs like naproxen and ibuprofen.
- Non-medical treatment can be more helpful in dealing with dysmenorreha. Some non-medical treatment of dysmenorreha are-
- Hot shower
- Gently rubbing your abdomen
- Keeping heating pad on your abdomen or lower back
- Doing mild exercise may improve blood flow in your lower body
- Rest and avoid stress