What is Bariatric surgery?
Bariatric surgery, also known as weight loss surgery is done to reduce the size of the stomach, thereby, reducing the capacity of food your stomach can handle. Bariatric surgery or weight loss surgery is beneficial for those who are extremely overweight or their excess weight is causing health problems.
Bariatric surgery is for:
- People who are more than 100 pounds and have not experienced any weight loss in the past few years.
- People who are unable to lose weight through exercise and dieting.
- Have a BMI of 40 or more and their excessive weight is creating severe health problems.
Types of Bariatric surgery
Sleeve gastrectomy– This surgery is more common than other bariatric surgery and is also known as vertical bariatric surgery. This is less invasive surgery and involves only five to six small incisions. The 85% of the stomach is, removed by this surgery; the esophagus and small intestine is linked with a tube, which looks like a sleeve. With only 15 % of the original stomach size, a patient undergone a sleeve gastrectomy, is satisfied by eating only smaller amount of food, the urge to eat more is minimized.
Laparoscopic gastric bypass– The Laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery also known as Roux-en-Y surgery is which upper part of your stomach is, removed and fasten it off from the rest of your stomach. The stomach is capable of holding 48 ounces of food, after this surgery stomach can hold two to three ounces of food.
Benefits of Bariatric surgery
The Bariatric surgery or the weight loss surgery is, done not for people who just want to reduce weight. This surgery is for patients who are not able to reduce their excess weight by any other means and their overweight is causing serious health problems. Bariatric surgery helps in reducing the risk of-
Preparing for Bariatric surgery
Before undergoing bariatric surgery, carefully follow the instructions given by your doctor. The patient of bariatric surgery has to give up smoking and drinking at least one month before the surgery. Tobacco consumption may slow down the healing process. Tell everything about your medical history to doctor, for example, medicines you have been taking, any other procedure you have ever undergone, or allergy towards anything.
Bariatric surgery recovery procedure
The recovery time and results, generally depends upon the type of bariatric surgery. Patients are, confined to a liquid diet, such as juice, soup, and cereals. Regressive physical activities should be, avoided; lifting any kind of weight more than 5 kg is highly discouraged. Regular medicine may be, given to minimize the side effects of surgery. Other vitamin and protein supplements may be, given to compensate the absorption of nutrients in the digestive tract.
Risks of Bariatric surgery
Being a major surgical procedure, there are many complications associated with bariatric surgery, which can occur immediately or in the long run.
- Blood clots
- Pulmonary diseases
- Allergic reactions
- Low blood sugar
- Stomach ulcers