Kidneys are amongst vital organs which perform multiple functions in the body. These bean shaped organs extract harmful toxins from the blood, maintain body fluid, and produce urine. Kidneys are located in the upper abdominal cavity, opposite to each other on both the sides of the spine. Though there are two kidneys, but people can survive on one kidney if other one fails to function properly. Some primary functions of kidney are:
- Regulating Blood Pressure- Kidneys require constant pressure to filter the blood. When our blood pressure drops kidneys increase the pressure by producing angiotensin.
- Regulating Acid- After eating, cells in our body metabolise and produce acid. Kidneys maintain this production of acid so that the body can function properly.
- Filtering Waste- A human body produces lots of harmful toxins, excess salts, and urea. Kidneys are responsible for flushing out toxins and filtering of blood.
Risk factors associated with kidney diseases
The risks associated with a kidney disease increases as the age progresses. Kidney diseases are common people who are above 65 years of age. Risk related to kidney diseases include:
- High cholesterol
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Acute kidney injury
Symptoms of Kidney Diseases
The signs and symptoms of kidney diseases are visible when most part of the kidneys is destroyed. The indications of severely destroyed kidney are:
- Shortness of breath
- Extreme fatigue
- Swelling in the legs
- Blood in the excreta
- Weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Muscle cramps
Preventing Kidney Disease
The best way to treat a kidney disease is to prevent it. There are many things you can do for the proper functioning of kidneys. Tips for prevention of kidney disease include:
World Kidney Day
World Kidney Day is observed every year on the second Thursday of March. The day is a combined initiative of the International Federation of Kidney Foundations and the International Society of Nephrology. The purpose behind World Kidney Day is to create awareness among people about the role played by the kidneys in maintaining the overall health of the body and educating them how can one prevent the risk related to kidney diseases.
This year World Kidney Day will be observed on 9th March. The theme of the World Kidney Day is ‘Kidney Disease and Obesity’. Due to the changes in people’s lifestyle, more and more are becoming obese. Worldwide, more than 600 million people are obese. Obesity is a prime factor for the development of kidney disease.