After initial infection, HIV viruses reproduces very fast, and the body may show certain influenza like symptoms in response to that infection, as out immune system produces HIV antibodies.
HIV can show no symptoms after the initial infection from certain months to even many years to decades.
In 2015 there are around 37.2 million people living with HIV/AIDS and resulted in a 1.2 million death, mostly in the sub-Saharan Africa.
Since HIV was discovered, 78 million people have contracted HIV, and AIDS has claimed 35 million lives
Symptoms of HIV /AIDS:
The first phase of the infection is known as acute phase. Most people experience influenza like symptoms post 2-4 weeks after infection, whether some people don’t have any symptoms. These symptoms include:
After initial stage, a stage of latency occurs where the HIV infection last in the body for many years without showing any signs or symptoms. Without treatment, the HIV infection can acquire the form of AIDS must faster than people undergoing any treatment.
In AIDS, the immune system of our body is acutely compromised, so people have high tendency to get certain diseases which are:
HIV can be transferred from a infected person to a healthy person by blood transfusion and sexual contact.
Treatment for HIV:
There is no cure for HIV. No vaccine also which can reduce the risk to this disease.
But antiviral therapy is given to the patients which can reduce the symptoms and help in improving the immune system.
Diagnosis of HIV/AIDS:
During the few months of infection antibody result may come false negative, as the immune cells may not form the antibodies in that period.
Most people develop antibodies in 21 to 87 days of period antibodies for HIV are tested for in the blood sample, which may confirm the infection.
Other test include nucleic acid test, which look for the virus for itself in the blood.
HIV patients are isolated from the society, which make them more vulnerable to the disease. It is not a communicable disease till someone doesn’t share the bodily fluids with anyone he/she cannot get infected. HIV affected people should be accepted by people and help them overcome their deadly disease.
Certain precautions during blood transfusion or sexual contact can decrease the risk of this disease.