Dyspepsia : Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Dyspepsia : Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
Dyspepsia : Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

In common terms dyspepsia may be referred to as indigestion or upset stomach. It describes discomfort or pain in the upper stomach.

  • It is not a symptom but a group of symptoms which a person experience them in their lifetime.
  • It is caused by digestive acid coming in contact of the mucosa of the stomach lining, which is the protective lining of the digestive system
  • Stomach acids breakdown the mucosa, which cause irritation and inflammation, causing the symptoms.

Causes of dyspepsia:

There may be many causes of dyspepsia other than eating heavily or incorrect things, some symptoms of dyspepsia can be sings and symptoms of stomach cancer.

Certain causes include:

Symptoms of dyspepsia:

Dyspepsia may show many symptoms, some of which may include:

Certain symptoms usually get relieved in 2-3 days, but if symptoms don’t get relieved in more than 3 weeks, and is there are other serious symptoms are seen, other causes such as stomach cancer can be the cause.

Such symptoms may include:

Treatments of dyspepsia:

Changing of lifestyle can relieve normal dyspepsia, for more serious cases related to dyspepsia a doctor should be consulted who can differ between dyspepsia and other stomach problems.

Changing of lifestyle can include:

  • Eating of small meals in 2-3 hours, instead of eating it at a single time
  • Not to lie down for atleast 2-3 hours after eating a heavy meal
  • Not chewing or smoking tobacco
  • Eating spicy food, food which has much acid in it (like oranges, tomatoes or lemons) can make dyspepsia worse
  • Chocolate, mint and alcohol can make dyspepsia worse.
  • Loosing of weight can help in many people.

Not wearing tight clothes around the middle especially in the night.


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